Endangered & Protected Species in NF

Pipistrelle bats as seen and heard in Nant Fawr! Image credit: wikimedia commons cc

Nant Fawr is home to a large diversity & abundance of legally-protected & endangered species, which you can find listed on this page!

We have 9 birds, 7 fungi, 3 reptiles, 2 mammals & 1 amphibian legally-protected by the Wales Environment Act (2016) Section 7, and 6 more birds legally-protected under Schedule 1 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Our bats are protected by lots of laws!

Furthermore, we have 25 endangered bird species listed on the UK Red List for Birds, which you can find at the bottom of this page!

So, here they are! All these ones are legally-protected by Section 7, unless otherwise stated:

Birds (x9):
Yellow wagtail
Common bullfinch
House sparrow
Song thrush
Dunnock (Hedge accentor)
Lesser redpoll
Black-headed gull
Herring Gull

Fungi* (x7):
Fragile Amanita
Agaric Marsh Honey Fungus
Dark Purple Earthstar
Hydnellum concrescens
Fused tooth fungus
Woolly tooth fungus
Ashen Coral

*as observed by local fungi photographer and Spore Print Artist, Tanya-Marie Gillett, in Nant Fawr Woods.

Reptiles (x3):
Grass snakes
Common vipers/adders*

*Protection: Wales Environment Act (2016) Section 7, PLUS Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 & Priority Species under the UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework.

Amphibians (x1):
Common toads

(Also, Smooth newts, which are protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.)

Mammals (x2):
Pipistrelle bat*
West European hedgehog

*Protection: Wales Environment Act (2016) Section 7, Habitats and Species Regulations 2017,the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended), European Protected Species under Annex IV of the European Habitats Directive. More here and at bottom of this page.

More birds (x6):
All birds in the UK are protected in some form by the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, but some species have additional protection under Schedule 1 of this Act. In NF, we have the following Schedule 1 birds:

Little gull
Mediterranean gull
Black tern

Endangered birds (x25):

Further to the above, we have 25 bird species listed on 'Birds of Conservation Concern 5' (also known as the UK Red List for Birds), which is the UK's list of bird conservation priorities. This is non-legally-binding and is a different list to the legally-protected species above.

So, in NF, we have:

Grey wagtail - amber-listed
Wren - amber
Redwing - amber
Rook - amber
Song thrush - amber
Dunnock - amber
Bullfinch - amber
Tawny owl - amber
Sparrowhawk - amber

Tawny owl - Image credit: wikimedia commons cc

Greenfinch - red-listed

Lesser redpoll - red
Fieldfare - red
Mistle thrush - red
Swift - red
House martin - red
Yellow wagtail - red
Starlings - red
House sparrows - red

Common gull - amber
Lesser black-backed gull - amber
Mediterranean gull - amber
Great black-backed gull - amber
Yellow-legged gull - amber
Black-headed gull - amber
Herring gull - red

More information:
1. More on our bats' protection:

"Bats are legally protected and you must not take any action which could harm the bats" - NRW: https://naturalresources.wales/about-us/news-and-events/blog/the-important-role-bats-play-in-wales-ecosystem/?lang=en

Further: "All bat species are protected by law, including their breeding sites and resting places" - NRW: https://naturalresourceswales.gov.uk/permits-and-permissions/species-licensing/apply-for-a-protected-species-licence/bat-licences/?lang=en

2. More on Wales Environment Act (2016) Section 7:
Section 7 of the Environment Wales Act 2016 means Welsh Ministers have a duty to ‘take all reasonable steps to maintain and enhance the living organisms and types of habitat included in any list published under this section’: https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2006/16/section/42