Flora and Fauna in our area


Survey in Woods Covert 2017


Tree name - English
Latin
C = common
P= present
Alder
Alnus glutinosa
C
Apple
Malus sylvestris
P
Ash
Fraxinus excelsior
C
Beech
Fagus sylvatica
P
Blackthorn
Spinosa
C
Cherry laurel
Prunus laurocerasus
C
Dogwood

Cornus sanguinea

P
Elder
Sambucus nigra
P
Field maple
Acer campestre
P
Guelder rose
Viburnum opulus
P
Hawthorn
Crataegus monogyna
C
Hazel
Corylus avellana
C
Holly
Ilex aquifolium
C
Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
P
Horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
P
Lime

Tilia x europaea

P
Norway maple

Acer platanoides

P
Oak (pedunculate)
Quercus robur
C
Silver birch
Betula pendula
P
Spindle
Euonymus europaeus
P
Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
C
Willow
Salix sp
C
Wych elm
Ulmus glabra
C

























Nant Fawr stream species (2017)


1.     Fish – bullheads, stone loach, brown trout
2.     Annelida - leeches include Erpobdella octoculata, Glossiphonia complanata and the fish leech Piscicola geometra.
3.     Mollusca include Radix peregra and Lymnea (non-native NZ mudsnail Potamopyrgus antipodarum is abundant)
4.     Insecta larvae –
·       Stoneflies,
·       Mayflies (include Ephemera danicam in low numbers, two species of Heptageniidae  in reasonable numbers, Baetis spp (rhodani?) in reasonable numbers.),
·       Caddisflies (include Agapetus, Glossosoma, Rhyacophila dorsalis,  Hydropsyche siltalai, H. pellucidula, Silo pallipes, Sericostoma personatum and at least one large Limnephilidae (Halesus sp?)
5.     Crustacea - Gammarus pulex are reasonably abundant

6.     Platyhelminthes – Planaria (various)


A recent list of birds viewed in the Nant Fawr and reservoir area include: -

Common All-Year birds

Great Crested Grebe
Little Grebe
Cormorant
Grey Heron
Mallard
Tufted Duck
Pochard (mainly winter)
Mute Swan
Canada Goose
Buzzard
Sparrowhawk
Moorhen
Coot
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Herring Gull
Black-headed Gull
Woodpigeon
Collared Dove
Tawny Owl
Green Woodpecker
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Carrion Crow
Jackdaw
Magpie
Jay
Great Tit
Blue Tit
Coal Tit
Long-tailed Tit
Nuthatch
Treecreeper
Wren (probably the commonest bird in the woodland)
Mistle Thrush
Song Thrush
Blackbird
Robin
Dunnock
Goldcrest
Pied Wagtail
Grey Wagtail
Starling
Greenfinch
Goldfinch
Bullfinch
Chaffinch
House Sparrow

Summer birds 
The all-year birds plus the following:

sand martin, swallow, house martin, swift, whitethroat, blackcap, chiffchaff, willow warbler, chaffinch, greenfinch, goldfinch

Winter birds
The all-year birds plus the following:
Wigeon, gadwall, teal, shoveler, goldeneye, great black-backed gull, kingfisher, fieldfare, redwing, meadow pipit and raven.

Passage Migrants (Spring and Autumn)
Common sandpiper, swallow, house martin, sand martin, swift, and wheatear;

Rarer species - green sandpiper, redshank, greenshank, common tern, arctic tern, black tern &  sedge warbler. Also spotted recently, egret and kingfisher.

Flora and Fauna lists

Several surveys have been carried out since 2010. The lists below include species identified during this time but, of course, things change!

Plant species observed in different areas: -
Grassland:


Bristle Club Rush
Isolepis setacea
Cock’s-foot
Dactylis glomerata
Common bent
Agrostis capillaries
Common Knapweed
Centurea nigra
Common Sorrel
Rumex acetosa
Creeping Buttercup
Ranunculus repens
Creeping Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Cuckoo Flower
Ardamine pratensis
False Oat Grass
Arrhenatherum elatius
Fleabane
Pulicaria dysenterica
Greater Birds foot Trefoil
Lotus pedunculatus
Greater Willow Herb
Epilobium hirsutum
Hairy Sedge
Carex hirta
Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia sepium
Hog Weed
Heracleum sphondylium
Lesser spearwort
Ranunculus flammula
Marsh bedstraw
Gallium palustre
Perennial Rye Grass
Lolium perenne
Ribwort Plantain
Plantago lanceolata
Sharp-flowered Rush
Juncus acutiflorus
Silverweed
Potentilla anserine
Soft rush
Juncus effuses
Tall fescue
Festuca arundinacea
Timothy
Phleumpratense sens
Tufted Hair Grass
Deschampsia caespitose
Yellow Sedge
Carex viridula
Yorkshire Fog
Holcus lanatus
Marshy grassland
Common Bent
Agrostis capillaries
Common Birds Foot Trefoil
Lotus corniculatus
Creeping buttercup
Ranunculus repens
Cuckoo flower
Cardamine pratensis
Marsh Bedstraw
Galium palustre
Meadowsweet
Filipendula ulmaria
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
Red clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Fescue
Festuca rubra
Rushes
Juncus sp
Sedges
Carex sp
Sharp flowered rush
Juncus acutiflorus
Sweet Vernal Grass
Anthoxanthum odoratum
Tufted Vetch
Vicia cracca
Yellow Flag Iris
Iris pseudacorus
Yellow Rattle
Rhinanthus minor

Woodland and hedges - including Woods Covert (an ancient semi natural woodland)
Alder
 Alnus glutinosa
Ash
 Fraxinus excelsior
Beech
Fagus sylvatica
Blackthorn
Prunus spinosa
Guelder rose
Viburnum opulus
Hawthorn
Crategus monogyna
Hazel
Corylus avellana
Holly
Ilex aquifolium
Hornbeam
Carpinus betulus
Laurel
Prunus laurocerasus
Oak
Quercus robur
Poplar
Populus sp
Rowan
Sorbus aucuparia
Spindle
Euonymus europaeus
Sycamore
Acer pseudoplatanus
Wild plum
Prunus domestica
Willow
 Salix sp
Woodland flowers 
Bramble
Rubus fruticosa
Brooklime
Veronica beccabunga
Marsh marigold
Caltha palustris
Pendulous sedge
Carex pendua
Pignut
Conopodium majus
Wood anemone
Anemone nemorosa
Wood club-rush
Scirpus sylvaticus
Yellow Flag Iris
Iris pseudocorus
Nant Fawr Meadows
Angelica
Angelica sylvestris
Bristle Club-rush
Isolepis setacea
Brooklime
Veronica beccabunga
Bulbous Buttercup
Ranunculus bulbosus
Burnet Saxifrage
Pimpinella saxifrage
Common Cat’s-ear
Hypochaeris radicata
Common Centaury
Centaurium erythraea
Common Knapweed
Centaurea nigra
Common Spotted Orchid
Dactylorhiza fuchsia
Common Yellow-sedge
Oedocarpa
Compact Rush
Juncus conglomeratus
Cuckoo Flower
Cardamine pratensis
Devil’s-bit Scabious
Succisa pratensis
Field Scabious
Knautia arvensis 
Field Woodrush
Luzula campestris
Fleabane
Pulicaria dysenterica
Floating Sweet-grass
Glyceria fluitans
Greater Bird’s-foot Trefoil
Lotus pedunculatus
Hemp Agrimony
Eupatorium cannabinum
Jointed Rush
Juncus articulatus
Lady’s Mantle
Alchemilla filicaulis vestita
Lesser Bird’s-foot Trefoil
Lotus corniculatus
Lesser Pond Sedge
Carex acutiformis
Lesser Spearwort
Ranunculus flammula
Lesser Stitchwort
Stellaria graminea
Marsh Bedstraw
Galium palustre
Marsh Marigold
Caltha palustris
Marsh Ragwort
Senecio aquaticus
Meadow Crane’s-bill
Geranium pratense
Meadow Fescue
Festuca pratensis
Meadow Vetchling
Lathyrus pratensis
Meadowsweet
Filipendula ulmaria
Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Rough Hawkbit
Leontodon hispidus
Sedge (Common yellow)
Carex viridula oedocarpa
Sedge (glaucous)
Carex flacca
Sedge (hairy)
Carex hirta
Sedge (oval)
Carex ovalis
Sharp-Flowered Rush
Juncus acutiflorus
Sneezewort
Achillea ptarmica
Southern Marsh-orchid
Dactylorhiza praetermissa
Square-stalked St.John’s wort
Hypericum tetrapterum
Tall Fescue
Festuca arundinacea
Tormentil
Potentilla erecta
    Tufted Vetch
Vicia cracca
Yellow Flag
Iris pseudacorus
Yellow Rattle
Rhinanthus minor
Zigzag Clover
Trifolium medium




 Some of the Animal species present: -
Dragonflies
Broad-bodied Chaser
Libellula depressa
Emperor Dragonfly
Anax imperator
Azure Damselfly
Coenagrion puella
Common Blue Damselfly
Enallagma cyathigerum
Large Red Damselfly
Pyrrhosoma nymphula
Common Darter Dragonfly
Sympetrum striolatum
Butterflies
Comma
Polygonia c-album
Common Blue
Polyommatus icarus
Green veined white
Pieris napi
Large White
Pieris brassicae
Painted Lady
Vanessa cardui
Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta
Small Copper
Lycaena phlaeas
Small Tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae
Small White
Pieris rapae
Speckled Wood
Pararge aegeria
Bees
Common Carder-bee
Bombus pascuorum
Early
Bombus praturum
Garden
Bombus hortorum
Heath
Bombusjonellus
Honey bee
Apis mellifera
Large Earth Humble-bee/ buff tailed bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Small Earth Humble-bee/ white tailed bumble bee
Bombus lucorum
Stone Humble-bee/ red tailed bumble bee
Bombus lapidarius
Tree
Bombus hypnorum
Amphibians
Common Frog
Rana temporaria
Common Toad
Bufo bufo
Palmate Newt
Lissotriton helveticus ( formerly Triturus helveticus)
Smooth Newt
Lissotriton vulgaris (formerly Triturus vulgaris)
Reptiles
Adder
Vipera berus
Grass Snake
Natrix natrix
Mammals
Dormice
Muscardinus avellanarius
Field Vole
Microtus agrestis
Fox
Vulpes vulpes
Grey Squirrel
Sciurus carolinensis
Harvest mice
Micromys minutus
Mole
Talpa europaea
Noctule bat
Nyctalus noctula
Otter
Lutra lutra
Pipistrelle bat
Pipistrellus pipistrellus
Shrew sp.
Soricidae
Fish
Brown trout
Salmo trutta
Bull heads
Cottus gobio
Eels
Anguilla anguilla
Birds
Blackbird
Turdus merula
Blackcap
Sylvia atricapilla
Blue tit
Parus caeruleus
Bullfinch
Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Buzzard
Buteo buteo
Carrion crow
Corvus corone corone
Chaffinch
Fringilla coelebs
Chiffchaff
Phylloscopus collybita
Common sandpiper
Actitis hypoleucos
Dunnock
Prunella modularis
Fieldfare
Turdus pilaris
Goldfinch
Carduelis carduelis
Great spotted woodpecker
Dendrocopos major
Great tit
Parus major
Green Woodpecker
Picus viridis
Greenfinch
Carduelis chloris
Grey heron
Ardea cinerea
Grey wagtails
Motacilla cinerea
Herring Gull
Larus argentatus
House martin
Delichon urbica
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
Kingfisher
Alcedo atthis
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus fuscus
Magpie
Pica pica
Pied wagtail
Motacilla alba
Redwing
Turdus iliacus
Robin
Erithacus rubecula
Sand martin
Riparia riparia
Sparrow hawk
Accipiter nisus
Swallow
Hirundo rustica
Swift
Apus apus
Tawny owl
Strix aluco
Wood Pigeon
Columba palumbus
Willow warbler
Phylloscopus trochilus